e/Particular

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has glosseng: In philosophy, particulars are concrete entities existing in space and time as opposed to abstractions. There are, however, theories of abstract particulars or tropes. For example, Socrates is a particular (theres only one Socrates-the-teacher-of-Plato and one cannot make copies of him, e.g., by cloning him, without introducing new, distinct particulars). Redness, by contrast, is not a particular, because it is abstract and multiply-instantiated (my bicycle, this apple, and that womans hair are all red).
lexicalizationeng: particular
instance of(noun) the philosophical study of being and knowing
metaphysics
Meaning
Finnish
has glossfin: Partikulaari eli yksilöolio tarkoittaa metafysiikassa universaalin eli yleiskäsitteen yksittäistä ilmentymää. Esimerkiksi jokainen yksittäinen omena on omenan universaalin (tyypin, luonnollisen lajin, idean tms.) ilmentymä, ja Sokrates on ihmisen universaalin ilmentymä.
lexicalizationfin: partikulaari
Japanese
has glossjpn: 特別(とくべつ)とは、普通と違うこと。
lexicalizationjpn: 特別
Korean
has glosskor: 특수(特殊)는 많은 개별(개별적인 것)에 통하는 것이다. 특수를 통하는 것을 보편(일반)이라고 한다. 보편(보편적인 것) 속에 특수(특수적인 것)를 한정하여 이를 구체적인 것으로 함을 특수화라고 한다.
lexicalizationkor: 특수
Norwegian
lexicalizationnor: Partikulare
Portuguese
has glosspor: Em metafísica, um particular é um ente distinto de um universal.
lexicalizationpor: Particular

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